The Animal Cell

  • The Animal Cell
    Purchase access to the 3D stereolithography (.STL) files and accompanying lesson plan for The Animal Cell model!

    Model Price: $8.99
    Hits the standard: LS1.A : Structure and Function

    • Systems of specialized cells within organisms help them perform the
      essential functions of life (HS-LS1-1).
    • All cells contain genetic information in the form of DNA molecules. Genes are regions in the DNA that contain the instructions that code for the formation of proteins, which carry out most of the work of cells (HS-LS1-1, HS-LS3-1).
    • Multicellular organisms have a hierarchical structural organization, in which any one system is made up of numerous parts and is itself a component of the next level (HS-LS1-2).

    Lesson Brief: This model of an animal cell is useful in lessons addressing any of the above standards. Organelles can be removed and sequentially added to the model as each is discussed. For testing, a single organelle could be included and the name and function of the organelle requested.

    Background: The cell is the basic unit of life. Multicellular organisms are composed of many such cells that may be specialized into different roles within different tissues that form organs. The cell itself contains different organelles that have specific roles in the cell. The basic cellular unit then is a good example of the hierarchical structure of organisms. The roles of the major organelles are listed below.
    Centrioles: act as a center for the scaffolding involved in DNA separation during cellular fission. Golgi body: packages proteins and lipids for intra- and extra-cellular transport.
    Lysosome: vesicle containing enzymes for breaking down unnecessary biological molecules. Mitochondria: organelle that produces energy through respiration.
    Nucleus: organelle that contains the DNA in the form of chromosomes.
    Rough endoplasmic reticulum: Organelle that houses the ribosomes and is responsible for
    protein synthesis.
    Secretary vesicles: vesicles that transport unneeded materials out of the cell.
    Smooth endoplasmic reticulum: organelle responsible for making hormones and lipids.


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